Ways to Pass a Drug Test
In this book I address a dichotomy that is as central as any in ontology - that between ordinary objects or substances and the various attributes (Le. , properties, kinds, and relations) we associate with them. My aim is to arrive at the correct philosophical account of each member of the dichotomy. What I shall argue is that the various attempts to understand substances or attriÂ butes in reductive terms fail. Talk about attributes, I shall try to show, is just that - talk about attributes; and, likewise, talk about substances is just tha- talk about substances. The result is what many will find a strange combinaÂ tion of views - a Platonistic theory of attributes, where attributes are univerÂ sals or multiply exemplifiable entities whose existence is independent of "the world of flux", and an Aristotelian theory of substance, where substances are basic unities not reducible to metaphysically more fundamental kinds of things. Part One is concerned with the ontology of attributes. After distinguishing three different patterns of metaphysical thinking about attributes, I examine, in turn, the phenomena of predication, resemblance, and higher order quantiÂ fication. I argue that none of these phenomena by itself is sufficient to establish the inescapability of a Platonistic interpretation of attributes. Then, I discuss the phenomenon of abstract reference as it is exhibited in the use of abstract singular terms.
This collection of literature attempts to compile many of the classic works that have stood the test of time and offer them at a reduced, affordable price, in an attractive volume so that everyone can enjoy them.
This exciting new book addresses the important issue of how to provide integrated mental health and substance misuse treatment of individuals with these co-occurring disorders. Combining both theory and practice, by the use of illustrative clinical case material, it provides a survey of different approaches to the integration of mental health and substance misuse services. A unique collection of chapters, from authors who are experts in the field and pioneering innovative approaches, provides an international perspective (including UK, Germany, Australia, USA, Canada) of treatment. <p> Arranged in five sections, Section 1 provides an introduction to the issue of substance misuse amongst those with psychosis. Section 2 introduces a range of integrated service models from different countries. The third section provides a practical hands-on guide to assessment and treatment. The fourth section addresses the specific treatment needs of special population groups (including young people, forensic groups, homeless people and those with HIV/AIDS). The final section examines treatment outcome studies and implications for the future. <p> Clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, nurses, case managers, and psychiatric social workers in training and practice in clinic, hospital and community settings will find this book an essential practical resource for working with individuals (and their families) with co-occurring disorders.
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